Posts for tag: Diabetes
A very common injury to a person’s lower extremities is a called a shin split. A shin splint causing pain on the front of the leg, or in the shin area. Most patients state that the pain starts out bearable and slowly gets worse. Some people also have small bumps along their shins. Shin splints are small tears in the muscle along the front of leg caused by stress or trauma. Runners and athletes are the most common group of people to experience shins splints. People who have flat feet are also more likely to experience this issue. Treating a shin splint early is key to keep this issue from becoming something more serious like a stress fracture.
Shin splints are often caused by running or standing for long periods of time on hard surfaces. Without proper shoe gear, the stress can cause small tears in the muscles around the shin. Some ways to prevent shin splints from happening to you are make sure you wear supportive shoes, proper shoe gear, and stretch. People with flat feet or high arches are more likely to have this issue due to the stress put on their feet already. Wearing orthotics while working out or standing can help ease some of this pressure. If you think you might be suffering from shin splints, give our office a call. An ultrasound is an easy way to diagnosis the problem.
While we deal with many diabetic patients in our office, a very common question we hear is what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Regardless of what type of diabetes you may have, both mean you should take extra care of your feet. Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough insulin. The body starts to attack the cells that produce insulin causing the body to not be able to use the glucose it needs to make energy. Type 1 diabetes is usually a genetic issue that cannot be prevented, only treated.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body not being able to use the insulin it has in the correct way. The misuse of insulin is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes account for almost 90% of those who suffer with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be reversed, unlike type 1. Some people are able to reverse their condition due to lifestyle and dietary changes.
While there are some differences between the two, both can cause serious issues to the entirety of the body, including the feet. Many people with diabetes end up having toe, foot or leg amputations. The best way to keep that from happening is to monitor blood sugar levels and always check your feet and legs. Any cuts or changes in skin color or texture may be a sign of something more serious.
A common ailment we see here at Advanced Foot and Ankle Care are diabetic foot ulcers. A diabetic foot ulcer is an open wound on the foot, ankle, or lower leg. The most common spot for an ulcer is on the bottom of the foot. There are several factors that lead to an ulcer forming. They are typically caused by friction, but other factors such as alcohol consumption, smoking and being overweight also play a role in their development. Many people with diabetes also have neuropathy, a condition that dulls the feeling to their feet and/or legs. Since they cannot feel the rubbing of shoes, socks, or whatever else maybe causing friction to their feet, they do not feel the initial break in the skin that leads to the ulcer.
Diabetic foot ulcers are treatable, but they are often difficult to get rid of, and they pose a large risk for infection. The best thing to do is to check your feet daily for cuts or redness. Redness could be a sign of rubbing against the skin that could turn into an open wound. If you are diabetic and would like to have your feet checked for any areas of concern when it comes to ulcer formation, please call our office to set up an appt today.
One of the most common appointment types we see here at Advanced Foot and Ankle Care is the checkup. It is also the most cancelled or missed appointment. There is a common misconception that checkups do not matter. Checkups are just as important as procedures and regular testing.
We see many diabetic patients and while they are great at checking their blood sugar, they may not be the best at keeping those regular weekly or monthly check up appointments. Young adults are also guilty of thinking that their younger age will allow them to heal quickly and not need to return. The doctor wants you to come back for your check up to keep an eye on any issues that may occur. This is especially true if you have an in office procedure. No matter the age, keeping your checkup appointments the best way to stay on top of any issues that may emerge. I cannot count the number of times I have had a patient cancel a checkup appointment only to call back a few weeks later with the same issue.
Keeping and showing up to your checkup appointments can keep you from having a more serious, costly issue down the road. It allows the doctor make to sure that you are healing as quickly and as well as possible. I also can allow for them to make sure that the plan of care they are currently using is optimal for you and your issues.
One of the most common foot issues in the world is known as a gout flare-up. A gout flare-up is considered one of the most painful things a person can experience. While there a wide array of medications you can take to help with gout, caused by uric acid, many people like to know how this happens in the first place.
Gout is caused by something called uric acid. Uric acid is caused when a person eats certain types of food, such as some nuts and certain types of fish. When you eat these things your body breaks down certain chemicals in the food and produces uric acid as a byproduct. Some people are more prone to not being able to process the uric acid created, and therefore more susceptible to having an issue with gout. Most people are able to pass the uric acid through their urine, but some are not. This leads to a buildup in the body.
Uric acid is commonly found in joints. Here at Advanced Foot and Ankle Care we see it a lot in toe or ankle joints. To test for the uric acid levels in your body, your primary care doctor would need to perform a blood or urine test. Blood taken from the top of the hand or near the elbow joint are preferred. While there are many different types of medication that can help keep your uric acid levels in check, eating a diet low in food that can trigger a gout flare-up is also key.