Posts for tag: Blisters
While the appearance of blisters may be embarrassing, the pain accompanying them is often much worse and more of a concern for people who have them. Although blisters are a common foot problem experienced by many, have you ever wondered what the cause of those pesky blisters could be? Or, better yet, how they can be treated?
Blisters appear on a swollen part of the foot and consist of fluid, typically clear, though, depending on the blister, the fluid may also have blood. Blisters are usually caused by repeated friction or rubbing on a specific part of your foot. Here are some examples of things that can produce that constant friction:
The type of footwear and how properly your shoes fit
Your skin type and foot type (high, low or medium arch)
The moisture found around your feet
Heavy objects you may be carrying around, like a bag pack
While blisters are rarely filled with pus, pus can form if the blister is infected. In that case, it’s important to seek treatment as soon as possible. If you have any of the following symptoms, it’s preferable to talk to your doctor:
- Foot Pain
While the symptoms may seem common, any persistent pain needs medical attention. Individuals with diabetes need to be especially careful. If left untreated, the blister may turn into an ulcer, leaving you susceptible to an amputation.
Preventive Care Treatments:
There are several precautions you can take to prevent blisters. Here are a few preventative care options:
1. Make sure to wear proper fitting shoes
2. Wear moisture-wicking socks
3. Cushioned insoles are a good idea
4. Double-socks will provide extra cushion
5. Wear orthotics recommended by your podiatrist
6. Use antiperspirants, powders, and lubricants to reduce moisture and friction.
The key to healthy feet is preventative care and referring to your foot doctor whenever you have questions or concerns.
A very common foot injury is a blister. A blister forms when there is friction on the skin. This is typically caused shoes that are too tight or lose that rub. People who have especially sweaty feet are more prone to getting blisters. Most blisters occur on the heel, side of the foot or tops of toes. Some blisters are raw openings in the skin, while other are fluid filled bumps. Blisters can be harmful to the overall health of those who have certain medical conditions, but for most they are more of a nuisance than anything.
However, for those who have diabetes, Raynaud’s or have a compromised immune system, blisters can quickly turn dangerous. Since blisters are openings in the skin, they can quickly become infected if not taken care of. If you have blister that is liquid filled, DO NOT pop it. Allow the blister to deflate or pop on its own. Keeping that protective layer of skin on the wound can keep infection out and allow the blister to heal.
Most blisters do not require a doctor to take care of them. Simply clean the area, apply a small amount of healing ointment and cover with a Band-Aid or gauze. If you start to have drainage or odor from a blister call your doctor immediately. While some shoes will cause blisters once and never again, it is best to avoid the shoes that caused the blister at least until the blister is healed.
A daily workout is a great way to improve and maintain your overall health. However, working out can be painful on your feet, knees and joints. The best way to get your workout in and not do damage to your body, is to be get a great pair of workout shoes. Many issues can arise from having shoes that do not offer the support that your body needs. Improper shoes can cause heel pain, shin splits and possibly stress fractures. All of these are things that can take time off your workout routine.
The first thing to do is get a shoe for the activity you do most. Many trainers and doctors agree that it might be best to get a pair of workout shoes for each activity. For example, if you run most of the time for a workout, then get a great pair of running shoes, and another great pair for all other activities. This helps offer you the support that you really need for each activity.
It is best to keep in mind that your feet swell during the day and especially when you are doing activities like running and walking. Never get a pair of shoes that are too tight or that cannot offer you some room for your feet to expand. This can lead to blisters or stress fractures as it puts pressure on the foot.
The last thing to keep in mind is to know when to change your shoes. Workout shoes tend to wear out faster than other shoes due to the amount of movement that is done in them. You may need to buy workout shoes more often than your other shoes, and that is completely normal. If you would like general checkup of your foot health, give our office a call today!
“Don’t knock the weather. If it didn’t change once in awhile nine out of ten people couldn’t start a conversation.” ~Kin Hubbard
One thing I didn’t know about Ohio until I moved here is that the weather is crazy. It’s unpredictable. It’s interesting. It can go from 60 degrees and sunny to 30 degrees and snowy in one afternoon. I am still in awe of these peculiar meteorological conditions, and I find myself discussing them with my patients daily. This winter has seemed looooonnnnggg and chilly, and I have seen a record number of patients with a common foot problem that has ties to this cold weather. It is a condition known as Raynaud’s (pronounced ray-NOHZ) disease, and 1 out of every 10 Americans suffers from it.
The reason most patients with Raynaud’s come to my office is that they have noticed their toes turning colors. In this condition the toes first turn white, then blue, then red. These color changes can be associated with discomfort like tingling, burning, numbness, stinging, or throbbing. The reason for this is that in Raynaud’s the small blood vessels that supply blood to your skin clamp down in response to cold temperatures or stress. Often just one or two toes or fingers are involved, and not everyone experiences all three colors. In most patients Raynaud’s is more of an annoyance than a disability.
Raynaud’s can be broken up into two types, primary and secondary. Both types are nine times as likely to affect women. Primary Raynaud’s is the most common type and is not associated with any other type of disease. This type is usually discovered between the ages of 15 and 30 and may have a genetic link (a parent, sibling or child may have it as well). It occurs more in people who live in cold climates (think Ohio from October or November to April or May).
Secondary Raynaud’s (aka Raynaud’s phenomenon) is associated with certain diseases, occupations, and chemicals. Autoimmune diseases like Lupus, Scleroderma, Rheumatoid arthritis, and Sjogren’s syndrome are linked with Raynaud’s as are other conditions such as carpal and tarsal tunnel syndromes, and thyroid dysfunction. Jobs that involve working with vibrating tools and repetitive motions like playing the piano for long periods of time can also cause a type of the phenomenon. Smoking and caffeine are also known triggers. I wonder how many of my patients on a blustery winter day find solace in a cigarette and a nice hot cup of coffee?
Most of the time people with Raynaud’s don’t really develop any complications, but occasionally I will see patients who develop blisters or sores on the tips of their toes. Very rarely Raynaud’s can lead to gangrene and result in amputation.
If you think you may have Raynaud’s come visit our offices at Advanced Foot and Ankle Care. First of all, we will try to find the reason you have this condition whether it be smoking, your body’s response to stress, a compressed nerve, or an underlying autoimmune disease. We may rule out causes of secondary Raynaud’s with vascular testing, blood tests, and nerve blocks. You may be referred to a rheumatologist or your primary care physician if we feel that your problem is serious enough that you could benefit from medication to open your blood vessels and promote circulation.
Most of the time Raynaud’s can be treated by dressing warmly and avoiding situations in which your hands and feet come into direct contact with the cold. Wearing a hat outside in the winter is important because a lot of body head escapes through your head. I recommend that my patients wear socks to bed and put an extra blanket at the foot of the bed. I may recommend that they avoid over the counter cold medications that contain pseudoephedrine, birth control pills, and beta blockers (for the latter two, after consulting their ob-gyn and family physician). And then there’s everyone’s favorite recommendation: Moving to the Caribbean. On Doctor’s orders, of course J
Boat shoes are a popular summer footwear choice for both men and women. They are often worn sockless, which unfortunately can cause foot odor and blisters. Here are some tips to keep your feet healthy if you wear boat shoes or any other shoes without socks:
Excess sweat inside your shoes allows odor-causing bacteria to grow. If your feet are especially sweaty, there are several things you can do to help prevent foot odor. Many companies make powders and sprays that can you apply to your shoes in the morning to keep your feet dry. Others make insoles that you can put in your shoes to cut down on odor. In addition, try to let your shoes air dry completely before wearing them again, even if it means avoiding wearing them for a day.
Going sockless can also cause blisters. Your shoes should fit comfortably and should be broken in slowly to best avoid blisters. Putting a bandage on areas that take a lot of friction like the heel can help prevent blisters from occurring. Consider wearing “no-show” or “low-cut” socks that protect your heels but still give the effect of you being barefoot.