Understanding the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
While we deal with many diabetic patients in our office, a very common question we hear is what is the difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes? Regardless of what type of diabetes you may have, both mean you should take extra care of your feet. Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body not producing enough insulin. The body starts to attack the cells that produce insulin causing the body to not be able to use the glucose it needs to make energy. Type 1 diabetes is usually a genetic issue that cannot be prevented, only treated.
Type 2 diabetes is caused by the body not being able to use the insulin it has in the correct way. The misuse of insulin is called insulin resistance. Type 2 diabetes account for almost 90% of those who suffer with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can be reversed, unlike type 1. Some people are able to reverse their condition due to lifestyle and dietary changes.
While there are some differences between the two, both can cause serious issues to the entirety of the body, including the feet. Many people with diabetes end up having toe, foot or leg amputations. The best way to keep that from happening is to monitor blood sugar levels and always check your feet and legs. Any cuts or changes in skin color or texture may be a sign of something more serious.